Climate, grass, sovereign Europe: the new roadmap of the German government | World
BERLIN, December 6 – The center-left-led alliance forming Germany’s next government has declared its ambition to make Europe’s largest economy greener and fairer.
In their coalition agreement, the Social Democrats, Greens and the liberal FDP addressed issues ranging from climate protection to foreign policy to cannabis.
Here are the main points of their roadmap for Germany:
No new debt
Germany’s no-debt rule had been suspended during the coronavirus pandemic, allowing the government to borrow billions to finance its way out of the crisis.
But the country’s next government – known as the “traffic light” coalition because of the red, green and yellow colors of the parties – is considering a return to the rule entrenched in the German constitution.
In their agreement, they pledged to restore the debt brake by 2023.
Maintaining the debt brake was a red line for the FDP, and Social Democratic Finance Minister Olaf Scholz – who will be the next German Chancellor – has also long been a defender of the rule.
The parties also agreed not to raise taxes during their tenure, according to a tweet from FDP leader Christian Lindner – a victory for his party which refused to increase the tax burden on taxpayers.
Minimum wage, housing, voting at 16
In return, the Social Democrats got their election promise to raise the minimum wage to € 12 (RM57.37) from € 9.60 currently.
To keep housing affordable, the coalition agreed to build 400,000 new homes per year, 100,000 of which with public funds. A cap will be introduced on rent increases, limiting any increase to a maximum of 11% in three years.
The tripartite combo also agreed to lower the voting age to 16, which should favor the Greens and the FDP who have younger supporters than Angela Merkel’s conservatives, who are largely backed by the German military. of retirees.
The Greens’ main victory took the form of an accelerated exit from coal energy, which must be brought forward eight years to 2030.
The parties also agreed to “further develop” the country’s current climate protection law in 2022 and “produce all necessary laws, regulations and measures” on this front.
The expansion of sustainable energy will be “dramatically accelerated and all obstacles and obstacles will be removed”, with the aim of ensuring that sustainable energy will represent 80% of the country’s mix by 2030.
“All suitable roof surfaces will be used for solar energy in the future. For new commercial properties it will be mandatory, while for new private construction it will become the rule, ”they said.
In view of the powerful German auto industry, the parties agreed to put 15 million pure electric cars into circulation by 2030, up from just over 500,000 currently.
Combustion engine vehicles will no longer be approved from 2035.
The parties categorically say they “want to increase Europe’s strategic sovereignty” – likely to appeal to the continent’s second power, France, which has made it a priority for its EU presidency from 2022.
But the transatlantic relationship will remain a “central pillar” for Germany, and NATO is an “essential element” for the security of the country, the text specifies.
And potentially in favor of Poland or Hungary, the parties want “an EU that protects its values and its rule of law internally and externally”.
Presenting the coalition agreement, Annalena Baerbock, the co-leader of the Greens who will assume the role of foreign minister, pledged to put human rights back at the center of German diplomacy and called for more firmness towards the Russia and China.
The recreational use of cannabis will be legalized under the new government.
“We will introduce controlled distribution to adults for consumption in licensed stores,” the parties say in the document.
“This will help control quality, prevent the circulation of contaminated substances and ensure the protection of minors.”
The Greens and the FDP have long pushed to legalize cannabis, while the SPD has offered to test the regulated distribution of the drug in pilot projects.
The parties have pledged to abolish paragraph 219a, a controversial piece of Nazi-era law that makes it illegal to advertise abortion services.
“Doctors should be able to provide public information about abortions without fear of prosecution,” they say in the document. – AFP